Rosa Parks Day

Black and White photo of Rosa Parks

"Rosa Parks (Wikipedia)" by jimforest is licensed under

Rosa Parks Day is a tribute to a civil rights activist named Rosa Parks who played a big role in the Montgomery bus boycott. Rosa Parks Day is celebrated twice a year on February 4th, mainly in California and Missouri or December 1st, mainly Ohio and Oregon.

A bus inside a museum, Colors from top to bottom are whit, green, and yellow
The bus that Rosa Parks was on and refused to give up her seat (“Rosa Parks Bus” by www78 is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

On December 1, 1955, Rosa boarded a bus home, the bus began to fill up and driver demand that the African American passengers to give up their seat to white passengers: “Whilst the other black passengers obeyed, Rosa did not. The result?”( After refusing to give up her seat she was arrested. She had court four days later where she was found guilty and had to pay a total of $14 in fines.

Right after Rosa got out of court the Montgomery bus boycott was born, where people of color stopped using the busses in Montgomery because of the unfair segregation laws: “The boycott succeeded and lasted several months, devastating the transportation system in Montgomery”( People like Martin Luther King Jr. and E.D. Nixon who had lots of influence supported the boycott. The boycott lasted 381 days which resulted in the Supreme Court making Montgomery change their segregation laws because they were unconstitutional.

Rosa Parks smiling in a red clothing
“Mother of the civil rights movement” (“Rosa Parks Dies at 92 . Monday, 24 October 2005” by Elvert Barnes is licensed under)

After the boycott Rosa moved from Montgomery to Detroit because she was, “Faced with continued violence and threats by angry white groups”( In Detroit she continued to fight for equal rights and freedom for people of color. She died at the age of 92 and will always be remembered as the “mother of the civil rights movement“.